Health Component


Family Health Survey

Purok 1, Makatabo, Carmen
Baguio District
August 2012

There are about thirty families living in this Purok. All of them belong to the Obu-Manuvu tribe of Indigenous People (IP).

The head of the family is the father, with a wife and an average of four children in the family.

Most if not all of the families belong to the low income group, averaging a monthly income of Php. 2,000.00 per month per family. The main source of livelihood is Agriculture. Most of them share a common agricultural area of about ten hectares, which is located about three kilometres from the community. They plant mostly root crops and vegetables and corn, which are sold to the local market, or form part of their regular diet.

Rice is not available daily and meat and fish are enjoyed only once a week.

Milk and other nutritional supplements are not part of the dietary regimen.

Most families occupy a small single room dwelling made of split bamboo and either palm leaves or congregated iron for roofing. There are two houses that have regular electrical connection and some of the houses tap their connection for a one or two bulb lighting in their house. Most of the other houses rely on gas lamps for lighting.

There is ample supply of fresh clean water in the community but most houses have no pipes in their houses connected to the source and rely on a communal water source for their drinking and washing needs.

Most houses have no toilets but share a common open pit toilet system.

In terms of education, more than half of the adults in the community have not reached high school and a good number are still illiterate.

Many of the children go to grade school but several are unable to finish up to grade six and very few attend high school. None of the children are in college.

One major problem in going to school is the distance. The nearest public school is about five kilometres away and regular transportation is not always available to and from school, nor is it affordable to most students.

– OBSERVATIONS –

The community is closely knit and most of them get along well and participate in community activities and concerns and give due respect to and follow their tribal leaders.

  • There are however several concerns that need to be attended to:
  1. Nutrition – many of the children are not well nourished and suffer delayed mental and physical development due to lack of proteins and vitamins in their diet. The same holds true for the elderly members of the community.
  2. Education
    1. Many of the adult members have not even reached high school and a good number are illiterate
    2. The children likewise are not given adequate educational guidance in their early development and even in grade school up to high school, most of them are unable to reach these levels. None seem destined to ever study in college.
    3. Health
      1. Due to poor living conditions, most of them suffer from respiratory and gastrointestinal infections.
      2. Especially the children, due also to poor nutrition and low resistance to disease.
      3. Many of the adults suffer TB and also hypertension, ulcers, and arthritis.
      4. Education in health maintenance, cleanliness, nutrition, family planning, disease prevention is sorely lacking.

– RECOMMENDATIONS –

  1. Livelihood Programs to assist in their income generation. (Continuous, Sustainable, Transferrable)
  2. Literacy Programs for adults and Day Care Center for children ages 2-6 years.
  3. Lectures on Family Planning, Nutrition, Health Maintenance and Immunization.
  4. Training of at least two members of the community or Barangay Health Workers
  5. Regular Free Clinics, Blood Pressure Check-up, Deworming, Immunization Programs.
  6. Regular Program for Feeding of highly nutritious and high protein meals especially to children, with weight & height monitoring
  7. Installation of Public Toilet, Public Bath and Washing Area
  8. Installation of Walk Ways (concrete), Open Basketball Court (which can serve as drying area, and meeting place) and Proper Drainage.
  9.  Fix the building that houses the clinic, Day Care Center & office and install water, electricity and outlets
  10.   Provide the community with a Motorcycle with sidecar to transport children to and from school and farm products to market

Prepared by: Dr. Ruben Robillo
Medical Director, Isaac T. Robillo Memorial Hospital
past President, Rotary Club of Davao